What form is used to report the Sale of Business Property?
IRS Form 4797 is used to report the "sale or exchange of property used in a trade or business; depreciable and amortizable property; oil, gas, geothermal, or other mineral properties; and IRC section 126 (certain cost-sharing payments) property."
In addition, the Form 4797 is also used to report the following:
1. The involuntary conversion of property used in a trade or business and the capital assets held in connection with a trade or business or a transaction entered into for profit, as well as the disposition of non-capital assets other than inventory or property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business.
2. The disposition of capital assets not reported on IRS Schedule D.
3. The recapture of IRC section 179 expense deductions for partners and S Corporation shareholders from property dispositions by partnerships and S corporations. The deduction allows for up to the entire cost of certain depreciable business assets, other than real estate, in the year purchased, which may be used as an alternative to depreciating the asset over its useful life. Taxpayers cannot use the IRC section 179 deduction to the extent that it would cause them to report a loss from their business.
4. The computation of recaptured amounts under IRC section 179 and IRC section 280F(b)(2), when the business use of section 179 or listed property drops to 50% or less (IRC section 179 -The limitation on depreciation for luxury automobiles; limitation where certain property is used for personal purposes).