Re: Itemized deductions when MFS and Head of household
You deduct itemized deductions by listing on Form 1040, Schedule A all tax deductible amounts you paid during the tax year for certain items such as medical and dental expenses, state income tax, local income tax, real estate tax, state personal property tax, local personal property tax, home mortgage interest, and gifts to charity. These are called itemized deductions.
The standard deduction is a fixed dollar amount that reduces the amount of taxable income on which you pay tax. The amount of the basic standard deduction depends upon your filing status on your tax return. However, if you can be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s tax return, your standard deduction amount may be different. In some cases, the standard deduction can consist of two parts, the basic standard deduction, and an additional standard deduction amount for age, blindness, or both.